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Trained Trees banner logoPre-trained fruit trees from Keepers Nursery in association with Orange Pippin

Examples of our trained trees as supplied

The following images are intended to give a rough idea of our various trained trees as they will be supplied, although delivered sizes can vary quite dramatically from one year to the next depending on the growing conditions.

The model is 172cm tall / 5ft 8".


Espalier-trained trees

We offer espalier trees with 1, 2, or 3 pre-trained tiers, usually in both 'Small' and 'Large' sizes.

Only apples and pears are suitable for being trained as espaliers. Espaliers look impressive when planted singly or several together, but we recommend you do not mix apples and pears together as their sizes may differ.

Sizes refer to how big the trees will get in the longer term. NB. The size as supplied is not a good indicator of the mature size.


E12-tier small espalier apple tree

A small espalier apple tree, ideal for smaller fence panels. It has 2 tiers of arms already formed at approximately 50cm spacing, and a leading shoot which you can train-on to give a mature tree with 3 tiers.

Mature size: Up to 2m wide and 2m high. 3 tiers.


E2Starter large espalier apple tree

A versatile tree which can be trained on as a large espalier or large palmette apple tree with the first tier of arms already formed, and a leading shoot which you can train-on to give a mature tree with 3-5 tiers, with a tier-spacing of your choice.

Mature size: Up to 3m wide and 2.5m high. 3-5 tiers.


E32-tier large espalier apple tree

A large espalier apple tree with 2 tiers of arms already formed at approximately 50cm spacing, and a leading shoot which you can train-on to give a mature tree with 3-5 tiers.

Mature size: Up to 3m wide and 2.5m high. 3-5 tiers.


E43-tier large espalier apple tree

A large espalier apple tree with the first 3 tiers of arms already formed at approximately 40cm spacing, and a leading shoot which you can train-on to give a mature tree with 5 or more tiers.

Mature size: Up to 3m wide and 2.5m high. 3-5 tiers.


E51-tier large espalier pear tree

A versatile tree which can be trained on as a large espalier or large palmette pear tree with the first tier of arms already formed, and a leading shoot which you can train-on to give a mature tree with 3-5 tiers, with a tier-spacing of your choice.

Mature size: Up to 3m wide and 2.5m high. 3-5 tiers.


E62-tier large espalier pear tree

A large espalier pear tree with 2 tiers of arms already formed at approximately 50cm spacing, and a leading shoot which you can train-on to give a mature tree with 3-5 tiers.

Mature size: Up to 3m wide and 2.5m high. 3-5 tiers.

Fan-trained trees

All our fan-trained trees are based on a simple 'Y' form, with 2 strong primary arms.

We generally have both 'starter' fans with just the initial arms, and more expensive developed trees with secondary shoots, which will give an instant impact.

Sizes refer to how big the trees will get in the longer term, not the size now. We aim to offer both 'Medium' and 'Large' sizes.


F1Large starter fan-trained plum tree

A basic Y-shaped plum / damson / mirabelle fan, with the initial formative training. Secondary shoots should appear the spring after planting.

Mature size: 3m-4m wide and up to 2.5m high.


F2Large fan-trained plum tree

A well-branched Y-shaped plum fan with 2 main arms and some secondary shoots.

Mature size: 3m-4m wide and up to 2.5m high.


F3Large starter fan-trained cherry tree

A basic Y-shaped cherry fan, with the initial formative training. Secondary shoots should appear the spring after planting.

Mature size: 3m-4m wide and up to 2.5m high.


F4Large fan-trained cherry tree

A well-branched Y-shaped cherry fan with 2 main arms and some secondary shoots.

Mature size: 3m-4m wide and up to 2.5m high.


F5Large fan-trained pear tree

A well-branched Y-shaped pear fan with 2 main arms and some secondary shoots.

Mature size: 3m-4m wide and up to 2.5m high.


F6Large fan-trained quince tree

Mature size: 3m-4m wide and up to 2.5m high.


F7Large fan-trained apricot tree

Mature size: 3m-4m wide and up to 2.5m high.

Cordon-trained trees

Cordons can be planted vertically or obliquely (at an angle of 45 degrees). Oblique cordons are generally easier to maintain and more productive.

Only apple and pear trees can be trained as cordons - the regular pruning required to maintain the form does not suit stone fruit.

Cordons look particularly attractive when several are planted together, but for the best effect stick to the same size, and don't mix apples and pears.


C1Very small cordon apple tree

A very small cordon, can be planted vertically or obliquely.

Mature size: Up to 1.5m long.


C2Small cordon apple tree

A small apple cordon, can be planted vertically or obliquely.

Mature size: Up to 1.5m long.


C3Medium cordon apple tree

A medium apple cordon, can be planted vertically or obliquely.

Mature size: Up to 2.5m long.


C4Small cordon pear tree

A small pear cordon, can be planted vertically or obliquely.

Mature size: Up to 2m long.

Step-over trees

Step-overs can by planted singly or used to edge a border. For the best appearance don't mix apples and pears.


S1Very small step-over apple tree

A very small step-over apple tree, with a single tier of branches at about 40cm, likely to reach a span of 2m.

Mature size: Up to 3m wide and 2.5m high. 3-5 tiers.


S2Small step-over pear tree

A small step-over pear tree, with a single tier of branches at about 40cm, likely to reach a span of 2m or more.

Mature size: Up to 3m wide and 2.5m high. 3-5 tiers.

Belgian fence

A Belgian fence consists of a series of trees trained in a long row with interlocking arms. You will need at least 5 trees to achieve the diamond lattice which is the key feature of this trained form, but more is better.

For the best effect use the same variety for every tree in the fence, or alternate two or three varieties in a long fence.


B1Medium Belgian fence

A medium-sized trained tree suitable for planting as a Belgian fence. (Trees are sold individually).

Mature size: Up to 3m wide and 2.5m high.

Mature size vs Supplied size

As is apparent from these photos, the size of the tree as supplied is mainly dependent on the age of the tree and / or the growth rate of the tree in the nursery. The mature size of the tree often has no relation to the supplied size, but instead is mainly determined by the vigour of the rootstock. It is not unusual for a "small" espalier apple tree to be larger than a "large" espalier apple tree when supplied from the nursery.

When choosing a trained tree it is the mature size that matters, not the size as supplied. You should always select the correct mature size to fit your planting location.

Things to consider

  • When choosing be sure to select the correct mature size - young trees tend to look quite similar in size since the dwarfing effect of the rootstock is not yet apparent.
  • Stone fruit species (plums, damsons, peaches, apricots etc.) tend to be much larger than pome fruit species (apples and pears) when they are young, but the apples and pears will catch up.
  • It is generally not a good idea to mix species in your planting, because even within our 'Small' or 'Large' size categories there is a considerable variation between species.
  • Within our 'Large' category, if you want the biggest possible mature size then choose the large dessert fan-trained cherries. Large fan-trained plums and fan-trained pears will not be far behind.
  • Conversely, if you want a small fan or espalier, our small apple espaliers will be the best choice, or apple or pear step-overs.
  • These are representative images. The size and level of development will vary from year to year.
  • Different varieties can also look very different, even when trained the same way. For example a fan-trained Cox apple tree will have far more shoots than a fan-trained Bramley.